Solid wood processing

Solid wood furniture is made out of solid wood which makes it an exceptional product of the highest level of quality. The advantages of solid wood furniture largely coincide with the advantages of the material itself:

Choice of the wood largely affects the appearance and the quality of the final product. Furthermore, different types of wood are used for different purposes.

Why should you choose the solid wood?

  1. ENVIRONMENTALLY-FRIENDLY MATERIAL – wood is a naturally-occurring material and with careful processing it maintains all of its environmental characteristics. The wood material comes from the woods which are managed in a responsible manner and strict environmental requirements are respected during the processing.
  2. LONGEVITY – as all the other products made of solid wood, the furniture of the Ćuk Carpentry has an extremely long life span, which reflects the quality of the material, as well as the professional processing and construction
  3. UNIQUENESS – precisely because of its emphasized naturalness (rings, lumps and bumps, threads…) the solid wood furniture is exceptional and there are no two identical pieces of furniture.
  4. AESTHETICS – the wood is a beautiful material by itself, which is additionally refined through finishing and design shaping. The massive wood furniture has been a reflection of style for years, and it perfectly fits into all decorating styles and it brings beauty and warmth of the nature in each interior space.

Furniture and wooden joinery manufacture

Type of wood we use most often in the production:

  • Oak
  • Beech

  • Nut

  • Ash

  • Maple

  • Fir

  • Spruce

  • Larch

Our work
  • Technical Characteristics of Oak

Oak is a tree of the Fagaceae family, and because it can grow up to 40 meters, it is an ideal choice for the manufacture of panels, and later for the solid wood furniture production. The oak has characteristics which enable good machining. It dries well, and it enables numerous operations such as sealing. The oak is mainly well processed through machining. The oak wood holds nails and bolts. It mostly dries well although it requires slow drying because of the occurrence of collapses and cracks. Oak wood is mostly adhering well, although the occurrence of stains is possible on adhered surfaces. It is good for wood staining, varnishing and painting.

The oak is used in the manufacturing of ships, railway sleepers, and one of its most important applications is in the solid wood furniture production. Because of its characteristics, the oak can survive for a couple of hundreds of years, and the furniture made of old oak is particularly appreciated.

  • Technical Characteristics of Beech

Beech is the most widespread type of tree in our country, and it grows in Central and South Europe. The Beech Tree is 20-40 meters high, with the length of the trunk of 15-20 meters.

The Beech Tree is processed well both by hand and by machine. The durability of the beech is low in changing conditions, while its durability under water or in a dry space is high.

The Beech tree has a very wide field of application and is used for building and civil engineering, staircases, impregnated wood and hydraulic engineering, railway sleepers, veneer furniture, parquet flooring, for the production of chipboards and fibreboards, for the production of cellulose, for the production of plywood, laminated and bent wood.

  • Technical Characteristics of Nut

The Nut Tree grows in Central, Western and Southern Europe, and it can also be found in Asia Minor, North Africa, North India and China.

The Nut Tree peels, cuts and grinds well. It requires light drying. It adheres well. It has a good surface for processing, and it is stained, varnished and painted easily.

The Nut Tree is used for the production of cut and peeled veneer, in the furniture production and for inner cladding of facilities, for the production of panels and parquet. The Nut Tree is also used a special wood for turning and inlaid wood, for the production of music instruments, rifle holders and for other purposes.

  • Technical Characteristics of Ash

Regular ash grows all around the Europe and in northern parts of Asia Minor. The height of the ash tree is from 25 – 35 meters, and the length of the trunk is 15 – 20 meters. Trees that are old up to 300 years reach a diameter at breast height up to 1 m. It is used for the production of furniture, parquet floorings, as a construction wood, for external and internal use. A special purpose of the ash tree is for the production of sports equipment, for period furniture in shipbuilding, freight train bogies, airplane and machine industry.

  • Technical Characteristics of Maple

Maple is a tree of long trunk and regular treetop. The tree is of yellowish white colour, pretty heavy and of medium hardness. It is hard to chop, easy to process and good for polishing. It is used for making smaller boats, benches, seats and ship furniture.

  • Technical Characteristics of Fir

Fir grows in Central, Western and Southern Europe. Fir is an evergreen, with the height of 30-40 m, although some specimens can be found of 50 meters and more. The length of the trunk is 20 meters and a diameter at breast height up to 1 m. Fir tree is good for machining, easy to peel, cut, drill and grind, it holds nails and bolts well, it dries fast and easy, it is hard for turning, good for carving, good for staining, and somewhat harder to paint with acid and base varnishes, hard to impregnate.

It is most often used as a construction material for internal installation, for underground and underwater construction. It is used for the manufacture of music instruments, in cellulose and paper industry, in panel industry, in the production of wood containers etc.

  • Technical Characteristics of Spruce

Spruce grows on the mountains of Central and Southern Europe, on the north it spreads up until Scandinavia, and its south border is represented the mountains of the Balkan Peninsula. The Spruce Tree is easy to scrape, drill, grind and polish. It is easily turned and holds the nails and bolts well. It dries well and fast, but it prone to warping and curving. It is good for adhering, staining, but it is hard to varnish. It is particularly hard to impregnate, and it resists lightly during the varnishing with acid and base varnishes.

The Spruce Tree is used as a wood or veneering, as a construction material for building and civil engineering, for roof structures and staircases. Its special purpose is for making of music instruments as a resonant wood, in the production of wood wool, brushes, paper, cellulose, for the production of chips for panels, chipboard etc.

  • Technical Characteristics of Larch

Larch – a tree of the mountains of Central Europe. It reaches the upper limit of the forest vegetation. It reaches up to 40 meters and has a diameter of 1.5 m. The trunk is very long, and the treetop is scarce and conical. The only local conifer that loses the leaves in the winter. The wood is elastic, resinous, durable, of reddish colour and wide core. Rings are regular and emphasized. Larch is an appreciated and desired wood for shipbuilding. It is durable under water. It is excellent for laminating.

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